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Leping Tommy Yu e-governmentAnti-corruptionICTsocial mediaTommyYutransparency In recent years, advancements in information and communication technologies ICTs have revolutionized processes for the exchange of information and allowed for more openness and transparency.
Two key types of ICTs have had a strong impact in this regard.
The other is the concept of crowdsourcing, which in this context involves the sharing of information based on collective intelligence and resources of the public.
This form of ICT is best represented by social media — including microblogging, social networking, and wikis websites through which users work collaboratively to build and modify content.
However, the U. For example, reports emerged that Russians used Twitter bots to spread fake news through accounts disguised as midwestern Republican swing-voters. It is therefore necessary to examine the opportunities as well as the challenges associated with ICTs. More specifically, can e-government and social media enhance government transparency and tackle corruption in spite of the challenges they present?
E-government and social media as openness and anti-corruption tools for societies. However, the paper established a solid framework for evaluating the pros and cons of ICTs, and can serve as a good starting point for understanding how technologies may affect government transparency.
The authors reviewed a vast amount of literature on this subject in order to outline the effectiveness of existing ICTs in government transparency initiatives, evaluate the relationship between e-government and social media, identify potential barriers to ICT-enabled transparency efforts, and propose several short-term actions that can lead to long-term success.
The authors argue that ICTs can fight corruption by helping to identify corrupt behaviors. To address this corrupt behavior, the OPEN system restricted such direct interaction between applicants and government officials.
Officials were also forced to provide explanations for unreasonable delays. Similarly, as a result of its collaborative and participatory nature, social media democratizes governments by enabling real-time information sharing. The authors regard whistleblowers like WikiLeaks as an example of the ways in which social media can effectively counter corruption.
However, the damage that WikiLeaks inflicted on the Clinton campaign during the election highlighted the fact that ICTs can be misused and abused.
The study points out it is possible that ICTs may create new opportunities for corrupt behaviors, as new technologies historically favor those already in power.
For example, when radio and television broadcasting technology first came into existence, governments used them to spread propaganda. Unfortunately, old trends continue to unfold in the twenty-first century.
InAustralian media — much of which was controlled by Rupert Murdoch — distorted poll results in favor of the Conservative Party Prime Minister candidate. To balance mainstream coverage, social media assumed the role of a counterforce.
This example helps to illustrate the fact that a given ICT could be used to push forward very different agendas when adopted by different parties.
Even within one society, there are substantial gaps among citizens in terms of their ability to access technology and understand disclosed information. For example, although the Obama administration made a large amount of government data available through www.
This suggests that ICT-enabled transparency initiatives should be made more inclusive to all citizens. In order to achieve that end, training is needed to foster participation in e-government services and resources.
Based on these findings, what can be done in the short term to enhance government transparency and anti-corruption in the future? According to the authors, there exists little in the way of evaluation criteria to determine the success of transparency efforts or whether a nation is ready for transparency initiatives.
The study then argues that researchers and policymakers should reuse parts of existing initiatives around the world, rather than attempting to reinvent transparency systems altogether. One way to foster collaboration across nations is to select countries to serve as pilots for overarching initiatives.
This study mainly focused on the development of e-government, but also pointed out the potentially severe economic and social consequences presented by the misuse and abuse of ICTs, especially by those in power. Jaeger, and Justin M.Literature review: The use of ICTs in the fight against corruption; The use of ICTs in the fight against corruption.
Published on 7 December as a U4 Helpdesk answer. This Helpdesk answer provides an overview of recent literature on the role of ICTs and government to combat corruption in key government processes such as procurement. Thomson Reuters is committed to working with governments, businesses and civil society to cut corruption out of global commerce.
Society demands this as a priority. Technology gives us the opportunity. View the original post on the Leaders’ Anti-Corruption Manifesto website. Aug 14, · The transparency provided by this technology can prevent officials from abusing power.
Manipulation becomes impossible as every ledger becomes accessible to public, police, journalists, and . Use of greater automation and technological interventions will increase transparency, eventually leading reduced corruption.
In this age of digitization, the Digital India campaign can be helpful towards ensuring a graft-free environment. Six strategies to fight corruption Thanks a lot for this insightful piece on combating the malignant social and economic malfunction called corruption Broadly, there are three policy proposals on curbing corruption: lawyers approach, the businessman’s approach and the economists approach.
In either case, where the mix of technology, activism and culture come together, traditional forms of corruption, particularly transactional corruption, may become harder to hide and so harder to sustain.