Gnostic Images of the Feminine Kathleen Damiani The purpose of this paper is to examine the feminine imagery used in the newly discovered gnostic gospels, called The Nag Hammadi Library abbreviated as NHLand to raise questions concerning the effect of the repression of this imagery by the traditional Church called here orthodox. The first part will deal with a brief overview of Gnosticism, a definition of terms, and a short history of the find at Nag Hammadi. The second section will explore ways in which feminine imagery is associated with divinity and cosmology, drawing on selected passages from the NHL. The third section will describe the role of Sophia in the gnostic controversy.
Nepal is named for the Kathmandu Valley, where the nation's founder established Unity amid diversity essay capital in the late eighteenth century. Nepali culture represents a fusion of Indo-Aryan and Tibeto-Mongolian influences, the result of a long history of migration, conquest, and trade.
Nepal is a roughly rectangular country with an area ofsquare milessquare kilometers. To the south, west, and east it is bordered by Indian states; to the north lies Tibet. Nepal is home to the Himalayan Mountains, including Mount Everest.
From the summit of Everest, the topography plunges to just above sea level at the Gangetic Plain on the southern border. This drop divides the country into three horizontal zones: Fast-moving, snow-fed rivers cut through the hills and mountains from north to south, carving deep valleys and steep ridges.
The rugged topography has created numerous ecological niches to which different ethnic groups have adapted. Although trade has brought distinct ethnic groups into contact, the geography has created diversity in language and subsistence practices. The result is a country with over thirty-six ethnic groups and over fifty languages.
The population in was just over Although infant mortality rates are extremely high, fertility rates are higher.
High birth rates in rural areas have led to land shortages, forcing immigration to the Terai, where farmland is more plentiful, and to urban areas, where jobs are available. Migration into cities has led to over-crowding and pollution. The Kathmandu Valley has a population of approximatelyAfter conquering much of the territory that constitutes modern Nepal, King Prithvi Narayan Shah — established Gorkhali Nepali as the national language.
Nepali is an Indo-European language derived from Sanskrit with which it shares and most residents speak at least some Nepali, which is the medium of government, education, and most radio and television broadcasts. For many people Nepali is secondary to the language of their ethnic group or region.
This situation puts certain groups at a disadvantage in terms of education and civil service positions. Since the institution of a multiparty democracy inlinguistic issues have emerged as hotly debated topics.
The culture has many symbols from Hindu and Buddhist sources. Auspicious signs, including the ancient Hindu swastika and Shiva's trident, decorate buses, trucks, and walls. Other significant symbols are the emblems tree, plow, sun used to designate political parties.
Prominent among symbols for the nation as a whole are the national flower and bird, the rhododendron and danfe; the flag; the plumed crown worn by the kings; and the crossed kukhris curved knives of the Gurkhas, mercenary regiments that have fought for the British Army in a number of wars.
Images of the current monarch and the royal family are displayed in many homes and places of business. In nationalistic rhetoric the metaphor of a garden with many different kinds of flowers is used to symbolize national unity amid cultural diversity.
Emergence of the Nation. Mongolian tribes from the east called Kiratis brought Buddhism in the seventh or eighth century Hinduism flourished in the third and fourth centuries C. The Hindu Malla dynasties reigned in the Kathmandu Valley between the thirteenth and fifteenth centuries, encouraging tolerance toward Buddhism and an orthodox, caste-oriented form of Hinduism.
Since unification in the late eighteenth century and through the hundred-year period of Rana rule, the culture of hill Hindus, Parbatiya, has been dominant. The birth of the nation is dated to Prithvi Narayan Shah's conquest of the Kathmandu Valley kingdoms in The expansionist reigns of Shah and his successors carved out a territory twice the size of modern Nepal.
However, territorial clashes with the Chinese in the late eighteenth century and the British in the early nineteenth century pushed the borders back to their current configuration. To unify a geographically and culturally divided land, Shah perpetuated the culture and language of high-caste Hindus and instituted a social hierarchy in which non-Hindus as well as Hindus were ranked according to caste-based principles.
Caste laws were further articulated in the National Code of By privileging the language and culture of high-caste Hindus, the state has marginalized non-Hindu and low-caste groups.
Resentment in recent years has led to the organization of ethnopolitical parties, agitation for minority rights, and talk about the formation of a separate state for Mongolian ethnic groups. Despite ethnic unrest, Nepalis have a strong sense of national identity and pride.
Sacred Hindu and Buddhist sites and the spectacular mountains draw tourists and pilgrims and give citizens a sense of importance in the world. Other natural resources, such as rivers and flora and fauna are a source of national pride. The population consists of numerous racial, cultural, and linguistic groups that often are divided into three broad categories: Indo-Nepalese, Tibeto-Nepalese, and indigenous Nepalese.
Village houses are usually clustered in river valleys or along ridge tops.
They have settled primarily in the lower hills and river valleys and the Terai.PM's remarks at the inaugration of International Conference on Federalism The theme of the Conference, “Unity in Diversity” is apt and in many ways, reflects the essence of the Indian approach.
Rome: Decline And Fall Essay. (the denarius) — which had greatly contributed to preserving the unity of the empire—to barter and to a natural economy. The late empire was a winter of discontent and instability, generally provoked by unscrupulous military leaders, who proclaimed themselves to be the saviors of the glory of Rome, even.
Aug 19, · Amid this turbulence, a surprising group of Americans is testing its moral voice more forcefully than ever: C.E.O.s. inclusion and diversity.” Mr. Schultz held a town-hall meeting for.
In the fully updated Sixth Edition of Understanding Global Cultures: Metaphorical Journeys Through 34 Nations, Clusters of Nations, Continents, and Diversity, authors Martin J.
Gannon and Rajnandini Pillai present the cultural metaphor as a method for understanding the cultural mindsets of individual nations, clusters of nations, continents, and diversity in each nation. People and movements frequently search for pithy statements to encapsulate ideas they deem worthy of remembering.
Within United States history, for instance, citizens were once called upon to Remember the Alamo or vote for Tippecanoe and Tyler too. Words Essay on the Kumbh Mela. all distinctions of caste, creed, language or region. They become part of the universal soul. If anyone wants to see unity in diversity, there can be no better example than India’s Kumbh Mela.
took a ritual dip at the time of the above Kumbh Mela at Prayag in the holy waters of the Sangam amid.