His work exhibits elements of both neoclassicism and pre-Romanticism, but because much of its subject matter is so narrowly topical, its chief appeal is as a historical record of the politics of the American Revolution and the early days of the republic.
Read More Well versed in the classics in Monmouth County under the tutelage of William Tennent, Philip entered Princeton as a sophomore inbut the joy of the occasion was marred by his father's financial losses and death the year before.
In spite of financial hardships, Philip's Scottish mother believed that her oldest of five children would graduate and join the clergy. Though he was a serious student of theology and a stern moralist all his life, Freneau found his true calling in literature. As his roommate and close friend James Madison recognized early, Freneau's wit and verbal skills would make him a powerful wielder of the pen and a formidable adversary on the battlefields of print.
Freneau soon became the unrivaled "poet of the Revolution" and is still widely regarded as the "Father of American Literature". Although Freneau had produced several accomplished private poems before college, it was the intense experience of pre-Revolutionary-War Princeton that turned the poet's interest to public writing.
Their verbal skirmishes with the conservative Cliosophic Society provided ample opportunities for sharpening Freneau's skills in prose and poetic satire. Charged with literary and political enthusiasm, Freneau and Brackenridge collaborated on a rollicking, picaresque narrative, Father Bombo's Pilgrimage to Mecca in Arabia, which presents comic glimpses of life in eighteenth-century America.
This piece, recently acquired by Princeton and published by the University Librarymay well be the first work of prose fiction written in America. During their senior year Freneau and Brackenridge labored long on another joint project to which Freneau contributed the greater share.
Their composition was a patriotic poem of epic design, The Rising Glory of America, a prophecy of a time when a united nation should rule the vast continent from the Atlantic to the Pacific.
At the commencement exercises of SeptemberBrackenridge read this poem to a "vast concourse of the politest company," gathered at Nassau Hall. The poem articulated the vision and fervor of a young revolutionary generation.
After he graduated from Princeton inhe was author, editor, government official, trader, and farmer. He tried teaching and soon found that he hated it. As regards the genesis of his poems, two facts in his life are especially important. His newspaper work encouraged a fatal production of the satirical and humorous verse that gave him reputation; and his trading voyages inspired poems descriptive of the scenery of the southern islands, and made possible what is perhaps his most original work, his naval ballads.
He felt a deep obligation to perform public service, and his satires against the British in were written out of fervent patriotism. At the same time he distrusted politics and had a personal yearning to escape social turmoil and war. The romantic private poet within him struggled against his public role.
Thus, paradoxically, in the "poet of the revolution" set sail for the West Indies where he spent two years writing of the beauties of nature and learning navigation. Suddenly inhe returned to New Jersey and joined the militia and sailed the Atlantic as a ship captain. After suffering for six weeks on a British prison ship, he poured his bitterness into his political writing and into much of his voluminous poetry of the early s.
Byat the age of thirty-eight, with two collections of poetry in print and a reputation as a fiery propagandist and skillful sea captain, Freneau decided to settle down.
He married Eleanor Forman and tried to withdraw to a quiet job as an assistant editor in New York.Freneau's Literary Indian Creating a Noble Past Philip Freneau's Literary Image of the Indian. by S. Halldorson. Philip Freneau () has one strong conviction that runs through all of his poetry.
Charged with literary and political enthusiasm, Freneau and Brackenridge collaborated on a rollicking, picaresque narrative, Father Bombo's Pilgrimage to Mecca in Arabia, which presents comic glimpses of life in eighteenth-century America. Essays and criticism on Philip Morin Freneau - Critical Essays The Miscellaneous Works of Philip Freneau, which include a number of inspired the poem a turning point in Freneau's life and.
Philip Morin Freneau () was an American poet, essayist, and journalist. Remembered as the poet of the American Revolution and the father of American poetry, he was a transitional figure in American literature.
Philip Freneau's life alternated between ardent political activity and attempts. Freneau later retired to a more rural life and wrote a mix of political and nature works.
He died at 80 years of age, frozen to death while returning to his home, and was buried in what became the Philip Morin Freneau Cemetery on Poet's Drive in Matawan, New ashio-midori.com mater: Princeton (). Freneau alternated quiet periods at sea with periods of active newspaper work, until he retired early in the 19th century to his farm in Monmouth county.
National Gazette Front page of the National Gazette, edited by Philip Freneau, January 23,