History[ edit ] A forklift truck being used during World War II The middle nineteenth century through the early 20th century saw the developments that led to today's modern forklifts. The forerunners of the modern forklift were manually powered hoists that were used to lift loads.
Although these tips are simple and quite basic they are a good starting point to support workplace health and safety guidelines. Operators must be qualified Operating forklifts should only be done by individuals who have been trained properly and contain a licence to operate the equipment.
Appropriate clothing must be worn. It needs to be ensured that operators wear the appropriate safety work wear; usually consisting of a hard hat, safety shoes and hi-visibility jackets. The work wear must be reasonably fitted as any loose clothing can get caught on machinery.
Examine Equipment before use Operators should do a routine check of the equipment before driving them. Some things you should check for any faults are brakes, steering, controls, warning devices, mast and tyres.
If there are any noted damages or problems management should be notified and the forklift should not be operated if it needs to be repaired. A convenient position of a load from pick up may not be convenient for stacking.
The operator should not start the forklift until they are correctly seated with their safety belt fastened and all parts of their body are safely inside the confines of the operators cabin or the forklift.
Consider the surrounding environment Whilst operating a forklift you must pay attention and follow any work site rules and guidelines. Observe all signs, especially those on maximum permitted floor loadings and clearance heights.
Be aware of the height of the load, mast and overhead guard of the forklift when entering or exiting buildings. Be careful when operating a forklift near the edge of a loading dock or ramp - the forklift can fall over the edge - keep a safe distance from the edge.
Do not operate on bridge plates, unless they can support the weight of the forklift and load. Operate at a safe speed Never proceed past the speed limit. Take corners and any turns slowly to minimise risk of tipping.
Make any changes in direction or any stops gradually and slowly. Avoid Hazards Steer clear of any bumps or uneven ground surfaces along with slippery conditions. Steer clear of loose ground objects which could cause loss of control over the equipment or a load to move around.
Keep a safe distance from other trucks in case they move in an unpredictable manner. Make sure that you always have enough space to stop safely.
Ensure your load is stable and secure Check the loads carefully before moving them for stability and damage.
It is important to ensure that the load is tilted back with the forks sitting low whilst transporting in order to increase truck stability.
Check for any overhead objects before lifting or stacking loads. Do not lift or move loads that are not safe or stable. Make sure loads are correctly stacked and positioned across both forks. Stack the load on the pallet or skid safely and correctly. Use securing measures such as ropes or bindings if required.
Make sure you have clear visibility Operate the forklift in reverse when it improves visibility; except when moving up ramps. It is important to make sure you can see the racking clearly in which you are positioning your load.
If visibility is poor do not continue driving; in some circumstances you may need a lookout helper to assist you. Forklifts are for Carrying Loads only Operators must not let others ride on the equipment unless another seat is fitted safely to the forklift for a second person.
If a person has to be lifted, use only a securely attached work platform and cage and follow the appropriate operating instructions. Keep Clear of the Mast Do not authorise anyone to stand or walk under the load or forklift machinery - The load can fall causing injury or death.
Keep hands and feet clear of the cross members of the mast - Serious injury can be caused if the mast is lowered while your hand is on it.Learn CPR and FIRST AID as well as other safety-related training. CPR Certification and First Aid classes.
Save the lives of friends, family, and co-workers.
Maintain a safe and healthy environment for your employees. Avoid costly OSHA fines and penalties. Far more than just a truck repair service, Campiotti Lift Truck Service is an effective resource in any area of lift repair, training or supply.
We offer a large inventory of parts. We can set your company up with on-site operator safety training. Operating a forklift is an important job. The federal goverment requires that all lift truck operators be trained and authorized by their organizatons. Key points OSHA’s standard on powered industrial trucks – 29 CFR – requires training programs to include components of formal instruction, practical training and a workplace performance evaluation.
Operators should inspect forklifts before each job, checking seat belts, tires, lights, horn, brakes, backup alarms, fluid levels, and moving and load-supporting forklift parts.
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