Among the numerous suggestions regarding the concepts involved in language acquisition, the behaviorist and the nativist are two opposing theories which are the most well-known and influential. Due to the on-going attraction of curious people and the importance of the result, the controversy continues to grow in society. Since there are more apparent restrictions of the behaviorist analysis, the prevailing investigations of the nativist interpretation are more rational to acknowledge.
From children imitating their peers and parents, to people starting to yawn when observing someone doing so; there is a wide variety in what we call imitation or mimicry.
Prinz defines imitation as the ability to execute behavior after percieving said behavior in someone else. That is why imitation is such an important factor in ability learning. Through imitation, children learn abilities such as using symbolic gestures and facial expressions in order to communicate with others.
It is to be noted that, in this last study, deriving an intention plays a crucial part in imitation. This reciprocity is, accoring to them, the base of non verbal communication. Leslie claims these early observations of imitation are the start of understanding cognition.
In order to present a three-step developmental sequence of imitation, Meltzoff and Decety did a review study.
Their research pointed out that newborns can recognize equivalences between perceived and executed acts. It offers evidence for innate equipment. Through this innate equipment, newborns are able to construct their own first-person experiences by linking mental states to their own bodily acts.
Combining those two characteristics, infants would have enough relevant data to make inferences about the underlying mental state of others, based on their behavior. They project that others have the same mental experience as themselves when they excecute similar behavior. Not only is it important during early development; studies show that it remains so during our entire lifetime, especially during social interaction with others.
This is what we call motor mimicry, which seems to serve as a communicative act Bavelas et al. This mimicry is often nonconscious, and is referred to as the chameleon effect. She found that the participants in her study unintentionally mimiced the strangers with whom they worked, which appeared to facilitate the smoothness of interaction and increase the likeability of interaction partners.
Individuals with a greater empathic disposition exhibited these effects more often. This, again, shows evidence for the importance of mimicry in social interaction, which seems to be linked to our disposition.
Across several studies, the role of the posterior part of the temporal cortex and the inferior parietal cortex were highlighted, together with medial prefrontal and premotor areas.
Also, the posterior part of the temporal cortex and medial prefrontal cortex were activated during imitation tasks. Which is noteworthy though, is that the former region is activated when detection of biologic agents, such as another person, is required Griffiths et al.How Children Learn And Develop Gender Role Behaviour Education Essay Abstract.
advertising to children through television is banned (Mitchener, ). How do children learn and develop gender role behaviour? At this stage, children essentially learn how the sounds in a language go together to make meaning. For example, they learn that the sounds m - ah - m - ee refer to the .
- Discuss the extent to which children’s language acquisition is acquired as a result of “nature” and/or “nurture” Language acquisition is the process by which humans acquire the ability to learn and understand language whilst using the skill to develop relationships, communicate ideas and initiate a voice in the world.
In such approaches, children learn language in the interactive and communicative context, learning language forms for meaningful moves of communication.
the phases may be disregarded to an extent. The most popular—and yet heavily debated—explanation is that language is acquired through imitation.
This theory has . - Discuss the extent to which children’s language acquisition is acquired as a result of “nature” and/or “nurture” Language acquisition is the process by which humans acquire the ability to learn and understand language whilst using the skill to develop relationships, communicate ideas and initiate a voice in the world.
The aim of this essay is to examine the extent to which children’s language acquisition is innate. As such, this thesis highlights Noam Chomsky’s Innateness Hypothesis as Verbal Behavior Analysis and suggested that children learn language through interaction with the environment (Skinner ).
These interactions occur through.