Received Oct 21; Accepted Apr This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. Associated Data Data Availability Statement Data is not available for online access, however readers who wish to gain access to the data can write to the senior author Dr Mythily Subramaniam at mythily imh. Access can be granted subject to the Institutional Review Board IRB and the research collaborative agreement guidelines.
An earthquake on April 16 left approximately people dead and thousands injured and displaced. At time of writing, 2, victims continued to live in official shelters. Vulnerable populations, including women and children, remained at particular risk in shelters without adequate security.
Some children living in the shelters have not been able to access adequate education. They were sentenced to four years in prison. In October, after an appeal by the Interior Ministry, three others were sentenced to four years in prison in connection with the same incidents.
Freedom of Expression A communications law gives the government broad powers to limit free speech. In August, SUPERCOM issued a written warning to journalist Janet Hinostroza and the TV channel Teleamazonas, where her daily news show airs, and ordered her to apologize publicly for repeatedly denouncing irregularities in government purchase of medicines.
In July, SECOM ordered the TV channel Ecuavisa to transmit a minute official broadcast at a time when it was scheduled to air an investigative program criticizing government funding of audiovisual propaganda.
Ecuavisa aired part of the investigative program in the time that was left but viewers had to view the rest online. In August, the judge ordered the author to suspend circulation of the book in any form, arguing it undermined the honor of the Glas family. In June, President Correa brought a defamation complaint against Eduardo del Pozo, the vice mayor of Quito, for saying in a radio interview that Correa had manipulated the justice system to send money abroad without paying taxes.
In September, del Pozo was sentenced to 15 days in prison. A higher court ratified the conviction in October. The president, his political party and its members, state media outlets, and state agencies have repeatedly sought to exploit US copyright law in efforts to have critical images and documents removed from the internet.
Users sometimes manage to restore content, after a legal process that can take weeks. President Correa received a popular mandate in a referendum on whether to overhaul the justice system to fix the problems. As part of his sweeping judicial reforms, however, the Council of the Judiciary, which in practice lacks independence from the executive, appointed and removed hundreds of judges, including all magistrates of the National Court of Justice, through highly questionable mechanisms that have undermined judicial independence.
Prison Conditions Prison overcrowding and poor prison conditions are long-standing problems in Ecuador. In September, a judge approved the habeas corpus request and ordered reparation measures for the inmates.
Migrants and Refugees In July, approximately Cubans were detained during a raid in a park where they were sleeping in tents to protest their inability to obtain a special humanitarian visa from Mexico that would allow them to travel to the US border, and from there, seek asylum in the United States.
Judges conducted deportation hearings that did not comply with basic due process guarantees, and ordered the deportation of most of the detainees, including some who had sought asylum in Ecuador. The Cubans were deported before they had an opportunity to appeal the orders and, in some cases, despite judicial orders in their favor.
Progress by a special prosecutorial unit created in to investigate the cases has been slow. According to government statistics from Decemberjudicial procedures have been initiated in only eight cases.
Fear of prosecution also hinders detection and prevention of sexual and gender-based violence. Government statistics released inthe latest available, indicate that one in four women and girls over 15 years old in Ecuador has been a victim of sexual violence.
In its periodic review of Ecuador in July, the UN Human Rights Committee raised concerns including violence against women, violence in detention centers, the criminalization of abortion, and threats to judicial independence and freedom of expression and association. Inthe Inter-American Court of Human Rights ruled against Ecuador in two cases—one determining that it is discriminatory to punish officers who allegedly have homosexual sex on military installations, and another sanctioning Ecuador for the arbitrary detention and torture of four foreigners in In November, OAS and UN special rapporteurs on freedom of expression sent a joint letter to the Ecuadorian government stating that the Communications Law undermined free speech.Economy of Ecuador.
Jump to navigation Jump to search. This Starting in with an economy surpassed by the economic crisis, Ecuador was subject to a number of economic policy reforms by Government that have helped steer the Ecuadorian economy to a sustained, substantial, and focused to achieve financial stability and social policy.
D) the failure of government-mandated hiring programs A) dominant-group tolerance of violence against a minority Mexican Americans in Los Angeles and New Mexico .
Economic growth will ease across the region in as base effects from the recession of subside and as a result of higher inflation, tighter monetary policy (both domestically and in key export markets such as China) and strengthening currencies.
Ecuador - Overview of economy sponsor development projects in Ecuador to improve the socio-economic situation, but the scope of these projects has been local and have not made significant contributions to economic stability or growth.
In unstable export prices and the natural disaster of El Niño combined with internal stresses to. The Sachsenhausen Concentration Camp was built in the summer of by concentration camp prisoners from the Emsland the role of concentration camps during the holocaust camps It was the first new camp to Encyclopedia of Jewish and Israeli history.
abbreviated Gestapo) was the secret police of Nazi Germany. Jan 25, · Monday, 1 January , did not only mark the celebration of New Year in Nigeria, it also heralded the effectiveness of the revised import and export guidelines (the Guidelines) issued by the Federal Government of Nigeria (FGN).