The poet finds himself lost in a dark wood selva oscura astray from the "straight way" diritta via,  also translatable as "right way" of salvation.
Since his journey will take him back to the world of the living, he offers to spread their names among men if they will tell him their stories. The two souls oblige. One of them is Griffolino of Arezzo, who was burned at the stake for heresy but has landed here in the Tenth Pouch for his practice of the occult art of alchemy.
The other is a Florentine, Capocchio, who was likewise an alchemist burned at the stake.
We learn that the First Zone holds the Falsifiers of Metals. We see in the Eighth and Ninth Pouches how many Italians, like Farinata and Cavalcanti in Canto X, retain their concern for their homeland even after death. Da Montefeltro pleads desperately for news about Romagna, despite the fact that no news, however good, could possibly bring him peace of mind.
Dante seems to take pride in the devotion of his compatriots to their fatherland, for their concern speaks to the glory of the nation and the fidelity of Italians.
Although Boniface had given da Montefeltro absolution according to the proper rite, Dante still holds him accountable for his sin. Absolution from sin requires one to be repentant; absolution received before a sin has been committed proves invalid because, at the moment that absolution is being issued, the person still intends to commit the sin—indicating a lack of repentance.
He implies that Christians who find themselves in moral dilemmas must use their reason rather than blindly follow the directions of a church figure. Dante does not question here the spiritual authority of the church, to which he shows steadfast respect throughout Inferno.
He opens the canto by stating that no one would be able to properly describe what he saw there and that anyone who tried to do so would certainly fall short.
He goes on, nevertheless, to use a mixture of the high classical mode and the low medieval idiom to present the image compellingly. He begins with allusions to great historical battles, such as those at Troy, claiming that the wounds suffered during these Trojan battles, which Virgil catalogued in the Aeneid, pale in comparison to the wounds he now glimpses.
This manner of referencing events from epics and other legends characterized much of classical literature. Drawing on the nobility of classical tales of war, while also evoking the earthly physicality of medieval comedy, Dante creates a doubly intense impression of violence, at once both epic and visceral, lofty and penetrating.
The request of the Italian souls in the Ninth Pouch that Dante bring warnings back to certain living men seems an attempt, like that made by the souls who ask Dante to spread their names, to forge some sort of existence outside of Hell. To be in contact with the mortal world would allow them to escape, in some small way, the eternal, atemporal realm that they now occupy.
But the character Dante does not oblige them, for spiritual reasons.
In the New Testament, God refused the rich man in Hell who wanted to have Lazarus go back to Earth and warn his sons about their sinful lives. Perhaps fearful of seeming presumptuous, the character Dante makes no answer to their request.
Of course, the poet Dante seems to have his own agenda; his poem takes the recounting of their stories as a central part of its project.Free summary and analysis of Inferno Canto XXVIII (the Eighth Circle, Ninth Pouch: the Sowers of Scandal and Schism) in Dante Alighieri's Inferno that .
Canto XXVIII. Eighth Circle: ninth pit: sowers of discord and schism.—Mahomet and Ali.— See Canto V. More than a hundred there were that, when they heard him, stopped in the ditch to look at me, forgetting the torment in their wonder. "Now, say to Fra Dolcino, then, thou who perchance shalt shortly see the sun, if he wish not soon to.
Dante’s Inferno key summary points: The first canto of the poem finds Dante lost in a dark wood, having lost his path, both in a literal and spiritual sense. Inferno -- Canto XXVIII Sowers of Discord, Bertran de Born: Notes.
7 The wars summed up in these opening stanzas range from the wars of the early Romans (here "Trojans") against the Samnites ( B.C.) and the Punic Wars ( B.C.) which included the battle of Cannae in where Romans were slaughtered (l.
11) to Robert . Summary. The canto opens with Dante wondering how to describe the sinners in the ninth chasm.
This is the place of the Sowers of Discord and Scandal, and the Creators of Schism within the papacy. He warns that the punishment in this part of Hell is bloody and grotesque. He asks Dante to remember him so that he can live on in some form through his name, preserved in Dante's poem.
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